[1]赵红军,任晓岚,常旭红,等.自制中药敷贴穴位贴敷戒烟效果研究[J].甘肃中医药大学学报,2018,35(01):77-80.[doi:10.16841/j.issn1003-8450.2018.01.21]
 ZHAO Hongjun,REN Xiaolan,CHANG Xuhong,et al.Effect of self-made Chinese herb application by plastering on acupoint for smoking cessation[J].Journal of Gansu University of Chinese Medicine,2018,35(01):77-80.[doi:10.16841/j.issn1003-8450.2018.01.21]
点击复制

自制中药敷贴穴位贴敷戒烟效果研究()
分享到:

《甘肃中医药大学学报》[ISSN:1003-8450/CN:62-1062/R]

卷:
35卷
期数:
2018年01期
页码:
77-80
栏目:
针灸推拿
出版日期:
2018-02-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Effect of self-made Chinese herb application by plastering on acupoint for smoking cessation
作者:
赵红军12 任晓岚12 常旭红3 脱长宇12 赵琳娜12 陈莉娟12 丁高恒4 周婧4 张静12 李星辉5 格鹏飞12
1. 甘肃省疾病预防控制中心慢病所, 甘肃 兰州 730020;
2. 甘肃省预防医学科学院, 甘肃 兰州 730020;
3. 兰州大学公共卫生学院, 甘肃 兰州 730000;
4. 甘肃中医药大学公共卫生学院, 甘肃 兰州 730000;
5. 甘肃省人民医院心内科, 甘肃 兰州 730000
Author(s):
ZHAO Hongjun12 REN Xiaolan12 CHANG Xuhong3 TUO Changyu12 ZHAO Linna12 CHEN Lijuan12 DING Gaoheng4 ZHOU Jing4 ZHANG Jing12 LI Xinghui5
1. Chronic Disease Institute, Gansu Disease Control and Prevention Center, Lanzhou, Gansu, 730020, China;
2. Gansu Academy of Preventive Medicine, Lanzhou, Gansu, 730020, China;
3. School of Public Health, Lanzhou Univesity, Lanzhou, Gansu, 730000, China;
4. School of Public Health, Gansu University of Chinese Medicine, Lanzhou, Gansu, 730000, China;
5. Cardiovascular Medicine Department, Gansu People’s Hospital, Lanzhou, Gansu, 730000, China
关键词:
戒烟甜味穴中药敷贴安慰剂敷贴贴敷研究
Keywords:
smoking cessationsweet pointChinese herb applicationplacebo applicationplastering therapy
分类号:
R244.9
DOI:
10.16841/j.issn1003-8450.2018.01.21
摘要:
目的 观察自制中药敷贴穴位贴敷的戒烟效果。方法 采用随机抽样的方法抽取兰州市城关区白银路街道某2个社区年龄 ≥ 18岁的烟民210人进行入户调查(最终纳入200人),随机分为中药敷贴组和安慰剂敷贴组。中药敷贴组124人在开展吸烟有害健康教育的同时给予自制中药敷贴穴位(甜味穴)贴敷,安慰剂敷贴组76人在开展吸烟有害健康教育的同时给予自制安慰剂敷贴穴位(甜味穴)贴敷。2组均以4周为1个疗程,1个疗程后比较2组烟民贴敷后的感受变化、食欲变化、睡眠质量及贴敷前后吸烟量的变化。结果 共发放调查问卷210份,回收200份,有效回收率为95.2%。贴敷后,中药敷贴组感受不适、食欲下降、睡眠质量下降发生率分别为9.7%,0.8%,4.8%,安慰剂敷贴组分别为2.6%,0,1.3%,2组比较差异均无统计学意义(P>0.05)。中药敷贴组贴敷后与贴敷前比较,吸烟量明显减少,差异有统计学意义(χ2=52.071,P<0.01);与安慰剂敷贴组贴敷后比较,差异有统计学意义(P<0.01)。结论 自制中药敷贴穴位贴敷戒烟效果显著,能够有效地减少烟民的吸烟量,值得推广应用。
Abstract:
Objective To observe the effect of self-made Chinese herb application by plastering on acupoint for smoking cessation.Methods 200 smokers (random samples) more than 18 years old in Lanzhou city got education about the harm of smoking and then were randomized into Chinese herb application group (124 cases) and placebo application group (76 cases). Chinese herb group was given self-made herb plaster on sweet point,while placebo group was given self-made placebo also plastering on sweet point. 4 weeks was as one course. Feelings,appetite,sleeping as well as smoking amount of 2 groups were all investigated and compared after 1 course.Results The study distributed 210 questionnaires and collected 200,the recovery rate was 95.2%. After plastering therapy,incidence of discomfort,loss of appetite,poor sleeping quality in Chinese herb group were 9.7%,0.8% and 4.8%,while in placebo group were 2.6%,0 and 1.3%,there was no any difference (P>0.05). Smoking amout in Chinese herb group decreased more than in palcebo group after plastering therapy with better effect,the differeces were all significant (P<0.01).Conclusion The self-made Chinese herbs plaster is obviously effective for smoking cessation,by reducing the smoking amount,it is worthy of popularization and application.

参考文献/References:

[1] 国家心血管病中心.中国心血管病报告2014[M].北京:中国大百科全书出版社,2015:3-4.
[2] Ezzati M,Lopez A D.Estimates of global mortality attributable to somking in 2000[J].The Lancet,2003,362:847-852.
[3] 中国疾病预防控制中心控烟办公室.简短戒烟干预要点-5A干预模型[J].中国社区医师,2012(42):228.
[4] 刘悦,陈杰,黄世福,等.中医药戒烟研究进展调查[J].中医药临床杂志,2011,23(9):842-844.
[5] 中国疾病预防控制中心.2010全球成人烟草调查中国报告[M].北京:中国三峡出版社,2011:2-8.
[6] 江少坤,孟婧婧.心理行为干预配合短期应用伐尼克兰的戒烟疗效观察[J].中国药房,2015,26(5):697-698.
[7] 杨焱,袁萍.2008年全国戒烟药物调查[J].中国公共卫生,2008,20(3):453-455.
[8] 张梅,王丽敏,李毅冲,等.2010年中国成年人吸烟与戒烟行为现况调查[J].中华预防医学杂志,2012,46(5):404-408.
[9] 陈国昌,詹志伟.全国戒烟药物使用状况调查[J].中国公共卫生,2010,26(6):755-756.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2017-5-19。
基金项目:国家自然科学基金地区基金项目(8166020267);甘肃省中医药科学技术研究课题(GZK201250);甘肃省青年科技基金计划项目(145RJYA321);甘肃省科技支撑计划项目(144FKCA093);甘肃省卫生行业研究计划项目(GWGL201317)。
作者简介:赵红军(1980-),男,主管医师,医学硕士,主要从事慢性病防制的研究。
通信作者:任晓岚(1965-),女,主任医师,医学学士,主要从事慢性病防制的研究。E-mail:zhaohj_1980@163.com
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01